Solution Concepts

Solution Concepts

Postby enduringsecond » Sat Aug 09, 2014 8:16 am

The team have been kicking around a number of solution concepts for Project Saffron. This is probably a well trodden path for the teams that have been in the N-Prize longer than us, but to summarise the concepts that have been considered:
    - Rockoon: launch of a conventional solid fuel rocket system from a high altitude balloon.
    - Electro-magnetic Rail Gun Launcher + conventional solid fuel rocket: very high velocity rocket launch from a ground based rail gun.
    - Light Gas Gun Launcher + conventional solid fuel rocket: very high velocity rocket launch from a ground based light gas gun.
    - Conventional multi-stage solid fuel rocket: standard multi-stage ground launched rocket.
    - Clustered liquid fuelled micro-rocket: ground launched liquid fuel rocket based around clustered micro-rockets.
These options were then assessed with the purpose of taking forward two concepts to more detailed analysis:
    - Rockoon: a solution that seems to have been considered by a number of N-Prize teams. Not taken forward as we want to follow different path(s) to those worked on before.
    - Electro-magnetic Rail Gun Launcher + conventional solid fuel rocket: a lot of R&D spent in on electro-magnetic rail guns and only now are we seeing usable (weapons) systems being developed (e.g. General Atomics Blitzer http://www.ga.com/railgun-systems) The clear difficulties with this approach realistically take it beyond our capabilities. Not taken forward.
    - Light Gas Gun Launcher + conventional solid fuel rocket: Many light gas guns exist in laboratories around the world, achieving velocities of up to 7km/s. The LGG technology is relatively mature and achieves the goals of keeping launch costs on the ground. Taken forward for further analysis.
    - Conventional multi-stage solid fuel rocket: an approach that has been worked on by professionals and amateurs alike. Not taken forward as we want to follow different path(s) to those worked on before.
    - Clustered liquid fuelled micro-rocket: interesting and scalable approach relying on Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and other new technologies (see http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/9383 and http://cap.ee.ic.ac.uk/~pdm97/powermems ... pstein.pdf) Taken forward for further analysis.
So we are going to look further into to solutions: Light Gas Gun Launcher + conventional solid fuel rocket and Clustered liquid fuelled micro-rocket.

Regards,
Chris
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby Delta_V » Mon Aug 18, 2014 4:59 pm

Interesting.

Are you guys trying the more unconventional approaches because you feel like the rockoon/solid rocket approaches aren't likely to be productive since so much effort has already been invested in them, or are you trying something different for the sake of variety and challenge?

It does seem like a few teams have considered (albeit none took to any stage of testing or construction AFAIK) something similar to your micro clustered liquid fuel rocket path.
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby enduringsecond » Tue Aug 19, 2014 4:19 pm

It's a bit of both really - a lot of effort has gone into rockoon approaches and, although not trying for orbit, the ongoing The Register LOHAN endeavour is also a rockoon so there is a lot of work there which we don't really want to reprise.

To us the clustered liquid fuelled micro-rocket looks most likely to succeed and to provide an ongoing technology that is scalable and so that is going to be our focus of analysis. The use of MEMS as a technology baseline also fits well with providing femtosatellites with useful capabilities.
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby cpooley » Tue Dec 30, 2014 12:01 am

see Microlaunchers both an entrant here, and an attempt to do in space what microcomputers did (google the word).

we've always thought an off-the-ground 3 stage liquid rocket is the only way. For a 1 kg to LEO or 200 gram to escape
the rocket would have a gross mass (GLOW) of about 150 kg but a smaller one for just NP could be one discussed in 2009:
ASA meeting http://www.microlaunchers.com/7816/L3/sa09/sa09.html .

The rocket, described in an Amazon book MICROLAUNXCHERS will use liquid oxygen and propane or butane for fuel.
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby pauldear » Wed May 13, 2015 10:58 am

Out of curiosity, does anyone know the feasibility of ultra-high altitude flight using relatively small (large model) unpiloted aircraft?
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby Xan » Thu May 14, 2015 7:48 am

pauldear wrote:Out of curiosity, does anyone know the feasibility of ultra-high altitude flight using relatively small (large model) unpiloted aircraft?


What is "ultra-high altitude"?
I plan to make the quadrocopter to fly to an altitude of about 25 km (for scientific purpose).
I think this is not "ultra-high".
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby Jay » Sat May 16, 2015 6:02 pm

The concept is feasible, but the aircraft would not likely resemble anything you’ve ever seen flying. The wings would have to be very, very long and slender (extremely high aspect ratio). Propellers would be ineffective in the vanishingly thin air at “ultra-high” altitude unless the blades were also very, very long and slender. With a conventional airplane configuration, just getting such a flimsy and ungainly contraption off the ground would be difficult, to say the least. Tiny (hobby-scale) jet engines are available, however, so there is still hope.

Quad-copters have become popular only because they are so much easier to control than conventional helicopters. Unfortunately, they are also far less efficient, both in terms of aerodynamic efficiency and power-to-weight ratio. The highest altitude achieved by a conventional helicopter specially designed to operate at such elevations is 40,820 feet (12,442 meters). In this case, 25,000 meters is definitely “ultra-high.” Even a quad-copter designed to function in such thin air is likely to run out of fuel (or electricity) long before reaching your goal.

One possibility is a torqueless “rotary flying wing” configuration, in other words a helicopter that is all rotor with little or no fuselage. Torqueless rotation, driven by small jet engines at or near the tips of the “wings” or rotor blades, eliminates the need for the multiple counter rotating rotors and multiple motors of a quad-copter as well as the need for the tail rotor and the complex, very expensive and comparatively heavy power train of conventional helicopters. Centrifugal tension in the rotating wing would provide stiffness that would otherwise be absent in such an extremely lightweight and elongated structure. The centrifugal effect would also deliver fuel from the hub to the engines at remarkably high pressure using only a small cheap conventional fuel pump. Such high pressure would be welcome in tiny high-performance high-altitude jet engines. I’ll leave the design of the unique flight controls up to you (and Rube Goldberg)!

The concept of torqueless tip-driven helicopter rotors has already been proven by major manufacturers and several variations have been produced, although with little commercial success. In the 1950s, using “cold pressure jets” (compressed air jets rather than jet engines), the Djinn by Sud-Ouest was the most successful. Small jet engines mounted on the rotors of other designs worked exceptionally well when the engines were running, but produced too much drag in autorotation, such as during an engine-out emergency, and so were abandoned as a risk to the safety of passengers. This ought not be a concern with a “telenautic” aircraft on the scale of a (very) large model.

Telenautic? Yes, I made that up (from the Ancient Greek tele = far away or remote, and nautes = sailor or pilot). What do you think? Will it fly?

Jay
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Re: Solution Concepts

Postby rick m » Mon May 18, 2015 4:03 am

Jay wrote:Telenautic? Yes, I made that up (from the Ancient Greek tele = far away or remote, and nautes = sailor or pilot). What do you think? Will it fly?

Jay


Sounds good to me.
Hard work is good for you, try it.
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